Convention on Nuclear Safety (CNS) National Report of the Kingdom of the Netherlands for the Sixth Review Meeting
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Convention on Nuclear Safety (CNS) National Report of the Kingdom of the Netherlands for the Sixth Review Meeting in April 2014 July 2013 INTRODUCTION This section sets out the purpose of the present report: ‘Convention on Nuclear Safety – National Report of the Kingdom of the Netherlands for the Sixth Review Meeting in April 2014’. It then continues with an overview of the national nuclear programme followed by a description of the national policy towards nuclear activities in the Netherlands and the main safety issues of the reporting period. The introduction finishes with a description of the structure of the report. Purpose of the report On 20 September 1994, the Netherlands signed the Convention on Nuclear Safety (CNS). It was subsequently formally ratified on 15 October 1996 and entered into force on 13 January 1997. The Convention obliges each Contracting Party to apply widely recognised principles and tools in order to maintain a high level of safety at its nuclear power plants. It also requires each Contracting Party to report on the national implementation of these principles to meetings of the parties to the Convention. This report is the sixth in its series. It shows how the Netherlands meets the obligations of each of the articles of the Convention. The information provided by this report applies to the situation of July 1st 2013 unless explicitly specified otherwise. At the review meeting in April 2014, the Netherlands will present the then available information. Nuclear programme The Netherlands has a small nuclear programme, with only one nuclear power plant, producing about 4% of the country’s electrical power consumption. The programme features a number of steps of the nuclear fuel cycle. Some of the Dutch nuclear businesses have a global impact. Urenco, at the end of 2012, supplied 31% of world-demand for low-enriched uranium, of which its plant in Almelo, the Netherlands, provided a third. The company ET-NL in Almelo supplies all centrifuges for the enrichment plants of Urenco and Areva – world-wide. The High Flux Reactor (HFR) in Petten, on average supplies 70% of the European demand for radio-isotopes – and no less than 30% of the global demand. The Nuclear Research & consultancy Group (NRG) operates the HFR and several nuclear research facilities and in addition provides consultancy services to clients on several continents. In addition, scientists of the Dutch universities and NRG participate in many international nuclear research programmes. According to Article 3 of the Convention, the Convention shall apply to the safety of ‘nuclear installations’. Article 2 of the Convention defines ‘nuclear installations’ as civil land-based nuclear power plants and facilities located on the same site as the NPP and related to its operation. This introduction provides an overview of the facilities in the Netherlands that are subject to the Convention and those that are not.