Publication Laka-library:
Multinational European Nuclear Waste Disposal: Looking Off-Shore

AuthorH.Codee, E.Verhoef
DateMarch 2014

From the publication:

WM2014 Conference, March 2-6, 2014, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.

Multinational European Nuclear Waste Disposal: Looking Off-Shore – 14099
Hans D.K. Codée and Ewoud V. Verhoef
COVRA N.V., P.O. Box 202, 4380 AE Vlissingen, The Netherlands and

Radioactive waste generally has a small volume. Therefore it can easily be 
controlled and contained, but it has the disadvantage of a negative effect 
on the economy of scale. Geologic disposal facilities for long-lived waste 
are expensive to construct and operate for small quantities of waste. The 
economy of a national solution could strongly be improved by multinational 
cooperation. For the long-term management of high-level waste only geologic 
disposal is acceptable. Hence, any country with whatever minute quantity of 
waste has to find a disposal site. Site selection has always been done for 
land based locations and within national borders. National borders are however 
meaningless on the timescale of a hundred thousand years to be taken into 
account for a disposal facility. Looking at land based locations only might 
be an unnecessary limitation, realizing that most of our globe is covered 
with water. For an off-shore site, a geologic disposal facility is meant 
here and not sub-seabed disposal.
In Europe there are quite some countries with small amounts of high-level 
waste, such as Denmark, Norway and the Netherlands all bordering the North 
Sea. These countries could cooperate with other countries with larger quantities 
of waste and create a European multi-national solution. The creation of an 
artificial island in the North Sea could be considered as entrance to the 
disposal facility and the island could host also other activities.